Virtually all the information we have about Jesus comes from the New Testament. Every word that might reveal something about Jesus has been analyzed extensively. But words have different meanings in different contexts. For example, if you say “This president has to go,” it means something quite different if you say it in a coffeehouse in Columbus, Ohio or in an angry crowd in a country that hasn’t seen a free election in 30 years.
Was the context of Jesus multicultural? Was it torn by class divisions? The fact that people were looking for a messiah suggests deep dissatisfaction with the current order. Who was dissatisfied and why? Were other groups more accommodating to the current order? If so, how did the internal divisions in the society play out? How did Jesus and his mission fit into this dynamic?